The Unemployment Rate For People With A Disability Increased To A Double
Many people experienced challenging labor market conditions in 2020, including those with a disability. The unemployment rate for people with a disability, at 11.5 percent in the last quarter of 2020, remained much higher than the rate for people without a disability . The rate for those with a disability increased by 4.6 percentage points in 2020, compared with an increase of 3.1 percentage points for those without a disability.
Among the 29.9 million people ages 16 years and older with a disability in the fourth quarter of 2020, 6.1 million, or 20.3 percent, participated in the labor force. By contrast, the participation rate for people without disability was 66.8 percent. The lower rate for people with a disability reflects, in part, the older age profile of those with a disability older people, regardless of disability status, are less likely to be in the labor force. About half of all people with a disability were ages 65 and over, nearly 3 times the share of those with no disability.
Unemployment Rate By Age
For people aged 15 to 24, the unemployment rate was 10.2% in January, down from 11.6% in December. This was the lowest youth unemployment rate in close to 30 years, having last reached 10.2% in July 1990.
The unemployment rate for people aged 25 to 54 increased to 4.7% in January from 4.5% in December and decreased to 3.6% from 3.7% for those aged 55 and older.
Unemployment Rate Hits Record High In 2020
LAST YEAR proved to be challenging for the labor market as many Filipinos became jobless with businesses closing or downsizing operations amid the coronavirus pandemic.
Preliminary results of the statistics authoritys 2020 Annual Labor and Employment Estimates based on the average of four rounds of the labor force survey , showed the labor force participation rate stood at 59.5% in 2020, lower than the 61.3% in 2019. This rate is equivalent to 43.9 million Filipinos out of the 73.7 million population 15 years old and over.
LFPR represents the countrys economically active population that are either employed or unemployed.
This annual LFPR is lowest since the adoption of the new definition of unemployed in April 2005, reflecting the effect of the various community quarantine restrictions, business closures, and physical distancing measures that were put in place in the Philippines starting March 2020 amidst the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the Philippine Statistics Authority said in a statement.
The annual unemployment rate in 2020 reached a record-high 10.3% versus the 5.1% in 2019. This is equivalent to 4.5 million Filipinos who do not have jobs, but are looking for one.
Meanwhile, the underemployment rate or the proportion of those working but are looking for more work or longer working hours, increased to 16.2% from 13.8% the previous year.
This equates to a net job loss of 2.6 million last year versus the governments annual target of 900,000 to 1.1 million.
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What Is The Maximum Weekly Unemployment Amount By State
The maximum Weekly unemployment benefits vary by state.
They range from $1,234 in Massachusetts to $235 in Mississippi.
For a full list of minimum and maximum weekly unemployment benefits by state, see our post here.
Additionally, you may be eligible for federal Coronavirus Aid, which may provide a temporary emergency increase in unemployment benefits
Infographic 3 Unemployment Rate Continues To Drop From May’s Record High
The unemployment rate fell most sharply in August among core-aged women aged 25 to 54 years old, down 1.2 percentage points to 7.5%, the lowest unemployment rate among all major groups. This decline was largely due to employment increases, as overall labour force participation was unchanged from July. The unemployment rate for core-aged men fell 0.7 percentage points to 8.1%, also the result of increased employment, with little change in their labour market participation.
The number of unemployed Canadians declined for the third consecutive month, falling by 137,000 in August to just over 2.0 million. Nevertheless, this was well above the previous record high of 1.7 million in November 1992 during the recession of the early 1990s.
In any given month, the net change in unemployment is the difference between the number of people becoming unemployed and those leaving unemployment, either because they became employed or left the labour force. In August, 864,000 Canadians moved out of unemployment while 725,000 entered unemployment. The majority of those who left unemployment became employed , while most of those who became unemployed in August had been out of the labour force in July.
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Chart 2 Men And Women In Core
Core-age men have been the least affected by the shutdown and their employment level in August reached 96.6% of its February level. Employment among core-aged women, which was hit harder and has been slower to recover, reached 95.6% of pre-pandemic levels, while employment among workers aged 55 years and older reached 94.5% of pre-COVID levels.
Youth were most affected and remained the furthest from their February employment level, with employment for both young men and young women being at 84.7% of February levels.
The Number Of Involuntary Part
People who work part time for economic reasons, often referred to as involuntary part-time workers, worked less than 35 hours per week but would have preferred full-time employment.14 They mainly worked a reduced number of hours because of unfavorable business conditions or their inability to find full-time work. Involuntary part-time workers are often described as underemployed.
Note: Q1 = first quarter, Q2 = second quarter, Q3 = third quarter, and Q4 = fourth quarter.
The number of involuntary part-time workers increased by 2.2 million over the year, averaging 6.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, which represented 4.3 percent of total employment, compared with 2.7 percent of employment the previous year. This measure of the underemployed reached an all-time high of 10.2 million in the second quarter of 2020, with essentially all of the increase occurring among those working part time because of slack work. The number of people who could only find part-time work declined by 156,000 over the year, dropping to 1.1 million in 2020.
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Differences Persist In Labour Market Conditions Of Diverse Groups Of Canadians
As part of Statistics Canada’s ongoing commitment to understanding the impact of COVID-19 on diverse groups of Canadians, a new question was added to the Labour Force Survey in July, asking respondents aged 15 to 69 to report the population groups to which they belong. This new information will be used on an ongoing basis to shed light on the evolving labour market conditions of population groups designated as visible minorities, including the extent to which these are shaped by regional and sectoral conditions.
Unemployment And Job Loss In Australia During The Covid
There are many ways to analyse unemployment and the loss of work using ABS Labour Force Survey statistics. Given the unusual labour market impacts and recovery during the pandemic, the ABS has been highlighting changes in hours worked , underemployment, changes in employment and unemployment, and changes in labour force participation.There have been a range of composite measures produced from ABS Labour Force data to explore aggregate changes in the labour market during the pandemic. For example, the Commonwealth Treasury has produced a composite measure, referred to as the ‘effective unemployment rate’, which includes unemployed people, plus any unseasonal increase in employed people who still had a job but worked zero hours for ‘economic’ or ‘other reasons’, plus the net change in people in the labour force , as a proportion of the labour force in the fixed base period. When calculating the effective unemployment rate for Australia, Commonwealth Treasury are currently using May 2021 as the base month, which was prior to the lockdowns related to the Delta variant.In addition to considering net changes in Labour Force populations , the ABS also produces information on the underlying components of this net change – the flows into and out of the labour force. Information on these flows is available, in original terms, in datacube GM1.
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Unemployment Rises In 2020 As The Country Battles The Covid
Total civilian employment fell by 8.8 million over the year, as the COVID-19 pandemic brought the economic expansion to a sudden halt, taking a tremendous toll on the U.S. labor market. The unemployment rate increased in 2020, surging to 13.0 percent in the second quarter of the year before easing to 6.7 percent in the fourth quarter. Although some people were able to work at home, the numbers of unemployed on temporary layoff, those working part time for economic reasons, and those unemployed for 27 or more weeks increased sharply over the year.
A decade-long economic expansion ended early in 2020, as the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and efforts to contain it led businesses to suspend operations or close, resulting in a record number of temporary layoffs. The pandemic also prevented many people from looking for work. For the first 2 months of 2020, the economic expansion continued, reaching 128 months, or 42 quarters. This was the longest economic expansion on record before millions of jobs were lost because of the pandemic.1
Total civilian employment, as measured by the Current Population Survey , fell by 21.0 million from the fourth quarter of 2019 to the second quarter of 2020, while the unemployment rate more than tripled, from 3.6 percent to 13.0 percent. This was the highest quarterly average unemployment rate in the history of the CPS.2
The CPS and the CES
Quarterly Rebenchmarking Of Labour Force Statistics
The ABS has revised the original Labour Force series from April 2020 to reflect the latest available preliminary and final estimates of the Estimated Resident Population. This quarterly process ensures that the Labour Force series promptly reflect any change in population trends and minimises the size of revisions that can occur when the series are rebenchmarked following each Census of Population and Housing.
In response to COVID-19 related changes in travel, the ABS has been revising preliminary Net Overseas Migration estimates more frequently. Net Overseas Migration estimates are a component of population estimates, from which Labour Force benchmarks are produced. These revisions have been incorporated into the quarterly rebenchmarking revisions. For more information, please refer to ‘Net Overseas Migration revisions in Labour Force benchmarks during COVID-19‘.
The usual resident civilian population in September 2021 was revised down by around 0.11% .
Revisions to original series also result in revisions to seasonally adjusted series.
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Gender Gaps In Labour Force Participation Persist
The labour forcethat is, the number of people counted as either employed or unemployedrose by 109,000 in August, the fourth consecutive monthly increase. Labour force participation increased by 72,000 among women and by 37,000 among men.
The labour force participation ratethe labour force as a share of the population aged 15 and olderrose to 64.6% in August, within 0.9 percentage points of its pre-COVID level .
Among both core-aged men and women, the participation rate was unchanged in August. The rate for men in this age group was within 0.2 percentage points of its pre-COVID level , while for core aged-women it was 1.3 percentage points lower than in February . This is an indication that women continue to engage in non-employment-related activitiesincluding caring for children and family membersat a higher rate than prior to COVID-19.
The labour force participation rate for young men aged 15 to 24 had virtually returned to its pre-COVID level by August. For young women, participation remained lower than in February .
Unemployment In The United States
Unemployment in the United States discusses the causes and measures of U.S. unemployment and strategies for reducing it. Job creation and unemployment are affected by factors such as economic conditions, global competition, education, automation, and demographics. These factors can affect the number of workers, the duration of unemployment, and wage levels.
Spurring Federal Reserve Interest Rate Hikes
Initial unemployment insurance claims have dropped precipitously from a record high of 6.149 million set in early April 2020. A tight labor market is spurring wage increases, which, in turn, are adding to inflationary pressures.
Indeed, Federal Reserve Board Chair Jerome Powell, in testimony before the U.S. House Committee on Financial Services on March 2, 2022, observed that “the labor market is extremely tight.” Partly as a result, Powell said that he would support a increase of 25 basis points in the federal funds rate at the March 15-16 meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee , and that he would be “prepared to move more aggressively” if inflation does not decline as quickly as expected.
Effect Of Disability Recipients On Labor Force Participation Measures
The number of people receiving Social Security disability benefits increased from 7.1 million in December 2007 to 8.7 million in April 2012, a 22% increase. Recipients are excluded from the labor force. Economists at JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Morgan Stanley estimated this explained as much as 0.5 of the 2.0 percentage point decline in the U.S. labor-force participation rate during the period.
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Employment And Unemployment In California
This information is based on a monthly federal survey of 5,100 California households which focuses on workers in the economy.
- Employed â The number of Californians with jobs in December was 17,260,100, a decrease of 91,700 jobs since November, and down 1,469,000 from December of last year.
- Unemployed â The number of unemployed Californians was 1,700,400 in December, an increase of 163,700 over the month, and up by 945,700 in comparison to December of last year.
* Labor force by place of residence, including workers involved in trade disputes.
Employment Recovery Slows In Accommodation And Food Services And In Retail Trade
Accommodation and food services as well as retail trade were among the industries hardest hit by the initial COVID-19 economic shutdown. By April, employment had fallen to half of its pre-pandemic level in accommodation and food services and to 77.1% of its pre-COVID-19 level in retail trade. Starting in May, employment rebounded in both sectors as many provinces began reopening their economy.
Employment growth in accommodation and food services rose by 18.4% per month on average from May to July. In August, however, the pace of growth in the industry slowed to 5.3% . Despite these recent gains, employment in accommodation and food services was at 78.9% of its February level. August marked the fifth full month of international travel restrictions, which continues to affect industries with strong ties to tourism.
The number of people employed in retail trade edged up 0.7% in August, following average monthly increases of 6.3% over the previous three months. Employment in retail trade reached 93.4% of its pre-COVID-19 level, but fell just below the rate of recovery for total employment .
While employment remained below pre-COVID-19 levels, retail sales in June were higher than in February and are expected to continue to rise in July, based on preliminary estimates. This highlights potential structural changes within the industry as employers have been able to increase their sales despite a smaller workforce.
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Employment Growth Concentrated In Full
All of the employment increase in August was in full-time work, which rose by 206,000 , while the number of part-time workers was little changed.
Nevertheless, full-time employment stood at 93.9% of pre-pandemic levels in August, compared with 96.1% for part-time work. In the months prior to the COVID-19 economic shutdown, full-time employment had reached record highs, while growth in part-time work was relatively flat. Compared with 12 months earlier, full-time employment was down 5.4% in August, while part-time work decreased 5.1%.
Lowest And Highest Unemployment Rates
Chart 3 shows Census Metropolitan Areas with highest and lowest unemployment rates in Canada, January 2020.
Windsor recorded the highest unemployment rate in Canada in January , while Peterborough recorded the third highest rate .
Ottawa-Gatineau recorded the lowest unemployment rate in Ontario in January , while Victoria recorded the lowest unemployment rate in Canada
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Effects Of Healthcare Reform
CBO estimated in December 2015 that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act would reduce the labor supply by approximately 2 million full-time worker equivalents by 2025, relative to a baseline without the law. This is driven by the law’s health insurance coverage expansions plus taxes and penalties. With access to individual marketplaces, fewer persons are dependent on health insurance offered by employers.
Job Growth Projections 20162026
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported on October 24, 2017 its projections of job growth by industry and job type over the 20162026 period. Healthcare was the industry expected to add the most jobs, driven by demand from an aging population. The top three occupations were: personal care aides with 754,000 jobs added or a 37% increase home health aids with 425,600 or 47% and software developers at 253,400 or 30.5%.
BLS also reported that: “About 9 out of 10 new jobs are projected to be added in the service-providing sector from 2016 to 2026, resulting in more than 10.5 million new jobs, or 0.8 percent annual growth. The goods-producing sector is expected to increase by 219,000 jobs, growing at a rate of 0.1 percent per year over the projections decade.” BLS predicted that manufacturing jobs would decline by over 700,000 over that period.
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How Long Do Unemployment Insurance Benefits Last
In most states, the limit is 26 weeks per year.
However, the federal government recently created a new program called Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation that provides more benefits.
The PEUC program allows claimants who exhaust their regular UI benefits to receive up to 13 additional weeks of benefits.
Energy Policy And Carbon Price Certainty
Various studies place the cost of environmental regulations in the thousands of dollars per employee. Americans are split on whether protecting the environment or economic growth is a higher priority. Regulations that would add costs to petroleum and coal may slow the economy, although they would provide incentives for clean energy investment by addressing regulatory uncertainty regarding the price of carbon.
President Obama advocated a series of clean energy policies during June 2013. These included: Reducing carbon pollution from power plants Continue expanding usage of clean energy raising fuel economy standards and energy conservation through more energy-efficient homes and businesses.
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